Photographer of the Year 2010/11
1. Landscape: For the purposes of this competition landscape includes seascapes and urban landscapes or any photograph where scenery is the main subject, – countryside, seaside, town or village
2. Portrait: A portrait, formal or informal, of a person, animal or group taken on location or in a studio using any form of illumination. Composition, lighting and conveyance of character are probably the prime requisites.
3 Monochrome Open: This is an open theme for a monochrome (black and white) image. In the absence of colour form, shape, lighting and graphical impact are the qualities required in subjects for monochrome prints
Prints for themes 1,2 and 3 must be submitted on or before the club meeting on 22nd November, 2010.
4. Still Life: Still Life is a term covering inanimate objects (i.e. not living or growing) usually grouped together to form a pleasing composition. Objects chosen will generally have some form of visual link such as material, shape or colour. The arrangement and the relationship of objects, one to another, and to the picture edges and the arrangement of light and shadow are of critical importance. This is the genre which allows photographers complete control of lighting and composition
5. Action: Sports events must be a favourite for capturing action shots but they are by no means the only source. People at work or informal play or objects in motion, even someone making a dash for shelter from a sudden downpour also present great opportunities for a good action shot.
The action may be frozen by using a fast shutter speed;
The background may be blurred and the subject frozen by “panning” with a slower shutter speed;
Or everything may be blurred to give an impressionistic effect
FIAP Nature Photography definition:
Nature photography depicts living, untamed animals and uncultivated plants in a natural habitat, geology and the wide diversity of natural phenomena, from insects to icebergs.
Photographs of animals which are domesticated, caged or under any form of restraint, as well as photographs of cultivated plants are ineligible.
Minimal evidence of humans Is acceptable for nature subjects, such as barn owls or storks adapting to an environment modified by humans, or natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves, reclaiming it.
Prints for themes 4, 5 and 6 must be submitted on or before the club meeting on 4th April, 2011
1. Members may enter one print for each of the nominated themes.
2. Minimum acceptable print size is 10inches x 8 inches (254 mm x 203mm)
3. Maximum acceptable print size is 16 inches x 12 inches (405mm x 305mm).
4. Entries will be accepted mounted or unmounted (but see Rule 9) Mount size must not exceed 20inches x 16inches
5. Prints may be in colour or in monochrome, except where otherwise indicated (Theme 3, Monochrome, open).
6. Prints for themes 1,2 and 3 must be submitted on or before the club meeting on 22nd November, 2010.
7. Prints for themes 4, 5 and 6 must be submitted on or before the club meeting on 4th April, 2011.
8. Judges will be appointed by the club committee.
9. Depending upon the artistic, creative and technical ability shown as well as relevance to the nominated theme, judges will award points on a scale of 1 to 10 to each print. Decimal portions of marks may be awarded at the judge’s discretion ie 8.5, 9, 9.5 etc. Mounted prints will be awarded two bonus points by the competition committee.
10. The total points gained by each member from all themes will be used to decide upon the club photographer of the year.
Landscape: Some tips which may assist
Use small aperture settings (e.g. f/18, f/22) or the Landscape setting on your camera to obtain maximum depth of focus
A foreground object will help to frame the scene and add a look of depth.
Frame the scene so that it contains a centre of interest – an object that draws the viewer’s eye into the picture.
Placing the centre of interest off-centre, in accordance with the Rule of Thirds, will create a harmonious composition.
Placing the horizon a third of the way down from the top or bottom of the frame is usually much better than having it in the middle of the scene.
Scale can often be important to the understanding of a landscape, and can be achieved by including an object of a known size in the scene. People, animals or other recognizable objects that would naturally belong in the scene are suitable for showing scale.
The quality of lighting is perhaps the most influential attribute of a successful landscape. Waiting for interesting lighting that is moody, dramatic or diffused usually pays off in a memorable photograph. Many successful landscapes are taken at or near dawn and dusk.
Ensure that your camera’s flash is turned off when shooting landscapes, unless you require it to brighten a foreground object. Flash in a dusty, misty or foggy scene may cause flare by reflecting off the droplets of moisture or dust particles.
If available, use a tripod to ensure sharpness, especially in low-light conditions.
In very low light, be sure to select a fast film speed or a high ISO sensitivity setting in your digital camera that will permit proper exposure and good depth of field..
Watch for unsightly or unnatural elements such as overhead wires, machinery, poles and rubbish bins, especially in the foreground. If you cannot easily move them, reposition yourself to a camera angle that eliminates them from the frame.
Don’t let the weather stop you from capturing an attractive landscape. Rain can add a degree of softness and peacefulness to a scene. On an overcast day, be sure your scene has an area of colour in it to counteract the overall dull lighting.
Keep the rules of composition in mind when framing a scene. Lines, in particular, can be a strong factor in making an interesting landscape.
Landscape photography is often more horizontal than it is vertical, presenting the opportunity to shoot a panorama. If you are faced with a wide vista and your camera has a panorama mode, this is the time to select it. Cropping afterwards can achieve a similar purpose. However you the final print must be within the size restrictions of the competition
When the wind is blowing or water is moving – waves, waterfalls, a tumbling stream- capturing that movement by using a slow shutter speed to create blur can add great interest to a landscape. When selecting a slow shutter speed, be sure you retain proper exposure by also appropriately adjusting your camera’s aperture. Many cameras will do this automatically for you in Shutter Priority mode